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Christian Baptism

In Matt. 28:19, “Father, Son and Holy Spirit” is not genuine but was added by the Church Fathers to form their Trinitarian belief.

We quote here, one of many proofs, that a change was made to the original text of Matt. 28:19. Note the quotes, now given:

In the Catholic Catechism you will see the following paragraph.

“Into Christ. The Bible tells us that Christians were baptized into Christ (no. 6). They belong to Christ. The Acts of the Apostles (2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5) tells us of baptizing “in the name (person) of Jesus.” -- a better translation would be “into the name (person) of Jesus.” Only in the 4th Century did the formula “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” become customary.” — (Bible Catechism, Rev. John C Kersten, S.V.D., Catholic Book Publishing Co., N.Y., N.Y.; l973, p. 164)

"The Baptismal formula was changed from the name of Jesus Christ to the words Father, Son, and Holy Spirit by the Catholic Church in the second century."

The Catholic Encyclopedia, II, pg. 263

Following, is a related quote of importance to the preceding quotes:

"The mystery of the Trinity is the central doctrine of the Catholic Faith. Upon it are based all the other teachings of the church." (Handbook for Today's Catholic, p. 11)

The Word "Baptism" is a transliteration of the Greek word: bap-tid'-zo

Definition:

to dip repeatedly, to immerse, to submerge , to cleanse by dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean with water, to wash one's self, bathe, to overwhelm.

Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: Matthew 28:19 | KJV

LET'S SEE IF WE CAN FIND ANOTHER WITNESS TO ESTABLISH BAPTISMAL DOCTRINE, SHALL WE? ISN'T THAT HOW WE ARE ADMONISHED TO VERIFY DOCTRINE?

For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

Galatians 3:26-27 | KJV

The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

1 Peter 3:21 | KJV

Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Acts 2:38 | KJV

He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.

Mark 16:16 | KJV

Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

John 3:5 | KJV

And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

Acts 22:16 | KJV

Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?

Romans 6:3 | KJV

Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

Luke 3:21-22 | KJV

For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

1 Corinthians 12:13 | KJV

And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.

John 1:33 | KJV

Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?Acts 10:47 | KJV

Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.

Acts 19:4 | KJV

When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.

Acts 19:5-6 | KJV

Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

Acts 2:41 | KJV

Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

Titus 3:5 | KJV

There is not one baptism performed by way of Matthew 28:19, though this is claimed to be the Inspired Command for eternal life. Why on earth would baptism representing the life, death and resurrection Of Christ Alone necessitate the invocation Of The Father, Who Alone GAVE CHRIST His mission and purpose? Why does The Holy Spirit need to be mentioned when Christ Is The Holy Spirit? As well, trinitarians often claim Matthew 28:19 supports their belief in a Trinity, but this verse in no way affirms the Trinity doctrine which states that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are three co-equal, co-eternal beings that make up one God.

Nobody denies there is the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit.

This verse refers to three entities but never says they are one and says nothing about their personality.

It does not say they are three beings,

it does not say they are three in one or one in three,

it does not say these three are the Godhead,

it does not say these three are a Trinity,

it does not say these three are co-equal or co-eternal beings,

it does not say that these three are all God.

And yet some wrongly draw the conclusion that this supports their belief in the Trinity or that the Holy Spirit is another being* which is clearly not so.

*See the post "Three Persons, Two Beings." *Several other posts also show the erroneous teaching of the Holy Spirit as another or separate Being.

It is just a very bad assumption and a lie that we are so often told.

What happened to Matthew 28:19 ?

When it comes to Matthew 29:19, one might also ask why the apparent disobedience of the Apostles as there is not one who obeyed these supposed words of Jesus Christ in this verse.

Here are all the scriptures relating to baptism in the New Testament.

New converts were all baptized into the name of Jesus Christ only.

“Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the Name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.”

(Acts 2:38)

“But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the Name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.”

(Acts 8:12)

“For as yet he was fallen upon none of them:

only they were baptized in the Name of the Lord Jesus.”

(Acts 8:16)

“And he commanded them to be baptized in the Name of the Lord.

Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.”

(Acts 10:48)

“When they heard this, they were baptized in the Name of the Lord Jesus.”

(Acts 19:5)

“And now why tarriest you ? arise, and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the Name of the Lord.”

(Acts 22:16)

“Know you not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into His death ?”

(Romans 6:3)

“Is Christ divided ?

was Paul crucified for you ?

or were you baptized in the name of Paul ?” [Implied]

(1 Corinthians 1:13)

“For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.”

(Galatians 3:27)

So why the apparent disobedience of the Apostles ?

The following dictionary explains,

“The historical riddle is not solved by Matthew 28:19, since, according to a wide scholarly consensus, it is not an authentic saying of Jesus, not even an elaboration of a Jesus-saying on baptism.”

(Anchor Bible Dictionary, Vol. 1, 1992, p. 585)

Further research revealed all Bible commentaries and dictionaries quoting on this issue claimed that it was added by the Church of Rome to support their Trinitarian formula.

The quote below states the origin of this baptismal formula.

“The baptismal formula was changed from the Name of Jesus Christ to the words Father, Son, and Holy Spirit by the Catholic Church in the second century.”

(The Catholic Encyclopedia, II, p. 263)

_________________________________________

So how did this happen and what did the original text say if this is true ?

It must be remembered that we have no known manuscripts that were written in the first, second or third centuries.

There is a gap of over three hundred years between when Matthew wrote his epistle and our earliest manuscript copies.

(It also took over three hundred years for the Catholic Church to evolve into what the “early church fathers” wanted it to become.)

This is what my research revealed.

There are seven citations from William John Ferrar that attests, agrees with Shem Tov’s Gospel Matthew from Eusebius that verse 19 with the triune formula was not part of the original. This is proof enough that these words: “Father the son and Holy Spirit” were added later. From these citations we have evidence that Eusebius (265 A.D. – 339 A.D.) as a proclaimed Bishop of Caesarea had access to the Library of Caesarea and the references for Matthew 28:19 from more ancient manuscripts that are not available to us today. A multitude of other citations

could be added here. We'll allow what's stated herein (this Post) to suffice, so this post does not become exceptionally lengthy.

Eusebius (c. 260—c. 340) was the Bishop of Caesarea and is known as “the Father of Church History.”

He wrote prolifically and his most celebrated work is his Ecclesiastical History, a history of the Church from the Apostolic period until his own time.

Eusebius quotes many verses in his writings including Matthew 28:19 several times.

But he never quotes it as it appears in modern Bibles.

He always finishes the verse with the words “in my name.”

The following example comes from an unaltered book of Matthew that could have been the original or the first copy of the original.

Thus Eusebius informs us of the actual words Jesus spoke to his disciples in Matthew 28:19 which were,

“With one word and voice He said to His disciples: “Go, and make disciples of all nations in My Name, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you,”

(Proof of the Gospel by Eusebius, Book III, Ch. 6, 132 (a), p. 152)

Eusebius was present at the council of Nicea and was involved in the debates over the Godhead.

If the manuscripts he had in front of him read “in the Name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,” he would never have quoted instead, “in my name.”

So it appears that the earliest manuscripts read “in my name,” and the phrase was expanded to reflect the orthodox position as Trinitarian influence spread.

So should Matthew 28:19 read,

“baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”

or “baptizing them in My name.”

And based on your conclusion, which of the following is correct ?

“Buried with the Father, Son and Holy Spirit in baptism, wherein also you are risen with them through the faith of the operation of God, who has raised them from the dead.”

(Colossians 2:12)

or

“Buried with him in baptism, wherein also you are risen with Him through the faith of the operation of God, who has raised Him from the dead.”

(Colossians 2:12)

The reason we are baptized in the name of Christ is because we are baptized “into” Jesus Christ.

Baptism is a symbol of His death, burial and resurrection.

Even if the Trinity doctrine was true, only Jesus Christ died, was buried and rose again.

When we are baptized in the name of Christ we become obedient Christians.

Paul argued this point in 1 Corinthians 1:13 when he said,

“Is Christ divided ?

Was Paul crucified for you ?

Or were you baptized in the name of Paul ?”

The obvious answer to this rhetorical question is,

No.

You were baptized in the name of Christ because He was crucified for you.”

Consider also,

“He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved;”

(Mark 16:16)

And whose name do we call on to be saved when we are baptized ?

“arise, and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the NAME of the LORD.”

(Acts 22:16)

It does not say “calling on the Name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit,” now, does it ?

And what is the ONLY name under heaven whereby we can be saved ?

We do NOT call on the name of the Father or Holy Spirit to be saved in baptism.

(See Acts 2:38; 4:12)

These verses also reveal Matthew 28:19 as it appears, to be incorrect and that it should have said in the name of the Lord only.

“for there is NONE other NAME under Heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.”

(Acts 4:12)

Whose name did Peter say we were to be baptized in ?

“Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you

in the NAME of JESUS CHRIST”

(Acts 2:38)

_________________________________

So Matthew 28:19 has been tampered with.

And what we know for sure is this:

1) The Catholic Church confessed to changing it

2) Most theologians also agree that they did change it

3) No one followed this supposed instruction and all were baptized in the Name of Christ ONLY !

4) Other Scriptures say we are baptized and saved by calling on the Name of the Lord ONLY

5) Eusebius who saw the earliest manuscripts when he quoted this verse wrote that it said, “In His Name”

I think most will agree that the weight of evidence is overwhelming that Matthew 28:19 should have read “in My Name”.

A FINAL CONSIDERATION:

Many Adventists say Ellen White used the terminology of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost/Spirit for the Baptismal Formula. We must understand that Ellen White never believed that the Holy Spirit was a separate Being.* See the Post "Three Persons, Two Beings." We must also note that Ellen White and the Pioneers either were unaware of or did not fully understand in their era, the corruption of Matt. 28:19.

Here's what Ellen White and the Pioneers understood:

It is necessary that our unity today be of a character that will bear the test of trial.... We have many lessons to learn, and many, many to unlearn. God and Heaven alone are infallible. Those who think that they will never have to give up a cherished view, never have occasion to change an opinion, will be disappointed. As long as we hold to our own ideas and opinions with determined persistency, we cannot have the unity for which Christ prayed. CET 203.2

When a brother receives new light upon the Scriptures, he should frankly explain his position, and every minister should search the Scriptures with the spirit of candor to see if the points presented can be substantiated by the inspired word. CET 203.3

God opens the understanding of men in a marked manner if His words are brought into the practical life of the student, and the Bible is recognized as the precious, wonderful book that it is. Nothing is to come between this book and the student as more essential; for it is that wisdom which, brought into the practical life, makes men wise through time and through eternity. FE 376.2

Wherever the truths of the gospel are proclaimed, those who honestly desire to do right are led to a diligent searching of the Scriptures. If, in the closing scenes of this earth's history, those to whom testing truths are proclaimed would follow the example of the Bereans, searching the Scriptures daily, and comparing with God's word the messages brought them, there would today be a large number loyal to the precepts of God's law, where now there are comparatively few. But when unpopular Bible truths are presented, many refuse to make this investigation. Though unable to controvert the plain teachings of Scripture, they yet manifest the utmost reluctance to study the evidences offered. Some assume that even if these doctrines are indeed true, it matters little whether or not they accept the new light, and they cling to pleasing fables which the enemy uses to lead souls astray. Thus their minds are blinded by error, and they become separated from heaven. AA 232.1

All will be judged according to the light that has been given. The Lord sends forth His ambassadors with a message of salvation, and those who hear He will hold responsible for the way in which they treat the words of His servants. Those who are sincerely seeking for truth will make a careful investigation, in the light of God's word, of the doctrines presented to them.

AA 232.2

For a extensive study on this subject, see:

https://www.trinitytruth.org/matthew28_19addedtext.html


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