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Who is the โ€œAnotherโ€ in John 14:16

โ€œ๐€๐ง๐จ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซโ€ ๐ข๐ง ๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’:๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”

And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you ๐š๐ง๐จ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;

Speaking of โ€œanother,โ€ John 14:16-28 tells us many times who the Comforter is, but the moment Jesus says โ€œanother Comforter,โ€ most become blind to the fact He is referring to Himself despite His clear words that follow. The Greek word for another is โ€œallos,โ€ which means another of the same kind and hence means another as the same kind as Christ. Jesus was present with His disciples in physical form but after His ascension He comes back in another form, that is, by His Spirit. Hence the โ€œanotherโ€ is His Spirit. Since Christ's Spirit can function independently of Himself, it is like His Spirit is โ€œanother.โ€ And because it is His Spirit, it is โ€œanotherโ€ of the same kind. If the Comforter was someone different, then John would have used the word โ€œheterosโ€ meaning another of a different kind. Easy to understand once you know. Most also fail to notice that Jesus often speaks of Himself in the third person as He did in this passage. See John 17:1-3 for one such example.

John 14:16

And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you ๐š๐ง๐จ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;

HELPS Word-studies:

243 รกllos (a primitive word) โ€“ another of the same kind; another of a similar type.

Vines and Complete Word Study:New Testament:

[ 1,,G243 G2087 ,allos heteros ] have a difference in meaning, which despite a tendency to be lost, is to be observed in numerous passages. Allos expresses a numerical difference and denotes another of the same sort; โ€œheteros expresses a qualitative difference and denotes "another of a different sort." Christ promised to send "another Comforter" (allos, "another like Himself," not heteros), Joh 14:16. Paul says "I see a different (AV, "another") law," heteros, a law different from that of the spirit of life (not allos, "a law of the same sort"), Rom 7:23. After Joseph's death "another king arose," heteros, one of quite a different character, Act 7:18. Paul speaks of "a different gospel (heteros), which is not another" (allos, another like the one he preached), Gal 1:6-Gal 1:7. See heteros (not allos) in Mat 11:3; Act 27:1; in Luk 23:32 heteroi is used of the two malefactors crucified with Christ. The two words are only apparently interchanged in 1Co 1:16; 1Co 6:1; 1Co 12:8-10; 1Co 14:17, 1Co 14:19, e.g., the difference being present, though not so readily discernible.

They are not interchangeable in 1Co 15:39-41; here heteros is used to distinguish the heavenly glory from the earthly, for these differ in genus, and allos to distinguish the flesh of men, birds, and fishes, which in each case is flesh differing not in genus but in species. Allos is used again to distinguish between the glories of the heavenly bodies, for these also differ not in kind but in degree only. For allos, see MORE, OTHER, etc. For heteros, see OTHER, STRANGE.

Note: The distinction comes out in the compounds of heteros, viz., heteroglossos, "strange tongues," 1Co 14:21; heterodidaskaleo, "to teach a different doctrine," 1Ti 1:3; 1Ti 6:3; heterozugo, "to be unequally yoked" (i.e., with those of a different character), 2Co 6:14.

๐“๐ก๐ž ๐๐ซ๐จ๐›๐ฅ๐ž๐ฆ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐”๐ฌ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐’๐ญ๐ซ๐จ๐ง๐ โ€™๐ฌ ๐‚๐จ๐ง๐œ๐จ๐ซ๐๐š๐ง๐œ๐ž ๐ƒ๐ข๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐š๐ซ๐ฒ ~ ๐†๐ซ๐ž๐ž๐ค ๐–๐จ๐ซ๐๐ฌ ~ ๐–๐จ๐ซ๐ ๐’๐ญ๐ฎ๐๐ข๐ž๐ฌ ~ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐†๐ซ๐ž๐ž๐ค ๐ƒ๐ข๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐š๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐ฌ

Strongโ€™s Concordance and Dictionary

One thing that many believers do concerning the handling of Greek words is use Strongโ€™s Concordanceโ€™s Dictionary to translate Greek words โ€“ this is not only a fundamental error, but can lead to devastating conclusions regarding the misunderstanding of many Greek words.

Greeks Roots 2

Language Roots

This is because Strongโ€™s dictionary is not specific to any particular word within any particular passage, it is generic based only upon Greek roots, and cannot be used in word studies of any Greek words found in the Greek New Testament.

It is in understanding that the Koinรฉ (โ€œcommonโ€) Greek language uses many cognates (see Footnote #1) which in spite of utilizing the same root words, derive diverse meanings based upon the grammar; especially verbs concerning their tense, voice, and mood.

All languages combine words to express diverse meaning, wherein the Greek language abounds in this practice. This is what makes the effort to record a concordance of every book in the Bible so difficult.

As stated in the preface to Strongโ€™s concordance and dictionary, his dictionary is a root dictionary wherein many words are not actually spelled as listed in their root meaning when you look them up in a Greek New Testament.

Strongโ€™s Concordance & Dictionary โ€“ Root Words

โ€œAlthough the Greek words in Strongโ€™s Concordance are numbered 1โ€“5624 editions of Strongโ€™s, the numbers 2717 and 3203โ€“3302 are unassigned due to โ€œchanges in the enumeration while in progressโ€. Not every distinct word is assigned a number, but only the root words. For example, ฮฑฮณฮฑฯ€ฮทฯƒฮตฮนฯ‚ is assigned the same number as ฮฑฮณฮฑฯ€ฮฑฯ„ฮต โ€“ both are listed as Greek word #25 in Strongโ€™s โ€œฮฑฮณฮฑฯ€ฮฑฯ‰โ€.

Strongโ€™s Concordance is not a translation of the Bible nor is it intended as a translation tool. The use of Strongโ€™s numbers is not a substitute for professional translation of the Bible from Hebrew and Greek into English by those with formal training in ancient languages and the literature of the cultures in which the Bible was written.

Since Strongโ€™s Concordance identifies the original words in Hebrew and Greek, Strongโ€™s numbers are sometimes misinterpreted by those without adequate training to change the Bible from its accurate meaning simply by taking the words out of cultural context. The use of Strongโ€™s numbers does not consider figures of speech, metaphors, idioms, common phrases, cultural references, references to historical events, or alternate meanings used by those of the time period to express their thoughts in their own language at the time. As such, professionals and amateurs alike must consult a number of contextual tools to reconstruct these cultural backgrounds. Many scholarly Greek and Hebrew Lexicons (e.g., Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon, Thayerโ€™s*Greek Dictionary, and Vineโ€™s Bible Dictionary) also use Strongโ€™s numbers for cross-referencing, encouraging hermeneutical approaches to study.โ€

*Note: Vineโ€™s-adheres to a close and professional translation of the Bible from Hebrew and Greek into English.

As has been stated in his defense, James Strong never contributed original research. The term original research has to do with defining words terms and insights as compared to restating passages as is done in a concordance. A concordance is a guide that list individual words to be found in the Bible, by its very nature it is not an original research work, utilizing rules of literature or science in defining or presenting hypothesis or conclusions. What the writers did was categorize English words in the English translation of the Old and New Testaments alphabetically as a guide to their location within these volumes โ€“ their purpose was never to define words, or prescribed two or teach doctrine or theology, a concordance is a book of lists.

Therefore, a manageable concordance could only be based upon the root words, but as James Strong says himself in his preface, his dictionary was never meant for Word study.

Strongโ€™s Concordance is a fantastic tool. But it must be used as it was meant, as a concordance, not a Greek word study.

๐‡๐ข๐ ๐ก๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐‘๐ž๐œ๐จ๐ฆ๐ฆ๐ž๐ง๐๐ž๐:The Complete Word Study New Testament

The excellent Greek translation work done by Spiros Zodhiates TH. D; is by far a great tool for the biblical layman.

Spiros earned his doctorate degree (achieved) in University after many years of study in the Greek language.

He is fluent in writing and speaking in Classical and Koinรฉ Greek, and also has spoken Greek all his life as a native of Greece.

He translates words based upon the specific Scripture, where the differences of how a word is translated is based upon the grammar of the verbs in that particular usage in the context wherein each usage of the word can be completely diverse from another.


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